Egypt

Why the Italian Response to ISIS is the best response.

In the last week, as you might have read, Italians had some fantastic responses to the ISIS generated hashtag #We_Are_Coming_O_Rome  (seriously guys there are only 160 characters, stop using underscores). You can read more here. Most of these responses were jokes about Italy’s already terrible government, transportation problems, and even some advice on where to eat.

Italian tweets ISIS

Anybody who knows Italy and Rome had a laugh about these. And that, right there, is the reason this was such an amazing response to ISIS: Not fear, but a little humor.

I read about the Italian response while watching Star Wars Ep. V where Yoda tells Luke not to fall to the dark side and be overcome with hate. But back in Ep. 1 , he does reference fear into this mix.

Fear is the path to the Dark Side. Fear leads to anger, anger leads to hate, hate leads to suffering.

The world is a constant fight between good and bad. Always on the good side is happiness, love, and trust; and always on the opposite side,  hate, anger and fear.

That’s why joking around with ISIS threats is just a little bit better  response than panic and anxiety.   I’m not saying let’s go Hebdo on this– seriously, learn to also be respectful; Italy’s humorous response was appropriately self-effacing, not de-humanizing. But a little laugh, a smile, is going to go a long way in a time where we are all so driven by sad and hateful news.

Fear leads to hate and is probably even worse. It is fear that drives people to shoot their neighbours, to burn down religious buildings, and cause pain to those who may not deserve it. I am too young to remember pre-9/11 but I know that after that date a new era took over, one completely run by fear. This idea of the post-9/11 world is run by the constant reminders to report any suspicious activity, and to be cautious of every bag left unattended. It’s the constant stares given to the people on the bus with you in the morning, and the  comments made at passers-by, like those in Milan:

 

Obviously you should be reasonably cautious, and take care for the safety of yourself  and your family.But don’t allow the occurrences in Libya, Australia, Denmark and Syria to scare you into not trusting those around you, or into hiding away. If we don’t act as willing consumers  of all this fear that many news channels and all terrorist groups heap on our plates, we don’t feed their power. An organization, a person, a cause is only as powerful as the power that you give it. The less fear we have of these organizations, and the more faith we put in our own armies, governments,  each other, and in the idea this will stop, it will, sooner rather than later.

What’s new in Spring

Our Spring 2014 semester begins on Monday, it wasn’t much of a relaxing vacation, due to the fact as soon as I came back to Italy I had to renew my Passport and babysit non stop. But I am looking forward to this new semester! First of all with my new camera I am so excited to wander Rome more and more and get some good shots, as well as travel to Venice, Assisi and return to Torino! So far I have no trips planned outside of Italy (except the hope to return to Egypt, and maybe Budapest….) but we will see.

This semester I am branching off out of Roman Archaeology and Roman Renaissance Art to look at the Archaeology of Food: the scientific side of what they ate and cooked in ancient time, how they did it and how we know. I will also be studying Venice in the Renaissance which I am so excited for because I really know nothing about Northern Italian history. Finally I am taking a religion course on the sanctity of life, where we will be looking at both Gilgamesh and The Inferno. Mainly I am excited because it gives me another chance to study the Inferno! I hope these classes will be different from what I have been focused on the last two years!

Finally some pretty exciting news for Resident students: we finally have free gym access!

I am often even more nervous to go to the gym in Italy because I worry about language barriers and not knowing anyone. Back in the States I worked at our local gym and new everyone who worked there as well as most of the people working out. So the first time I joined a gym it was a little weird, but I always went with a friend, we worked out together but never had the courage to take a class. This new gym also took some getting used to, and they have many classes but I was still to scared to take one. But I made myself so proud this week, I finally decided to do one of the strength classes on my own, and I surprised myself even more when I managed to talk to 4 people in Italian while there. It’s such a silly little thing but both things were really out of my comfort zone normally so it felt great afterwards!

 

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Looking Back: Travels of 2013

This year has been filled with travels. Other than my home in Rome I went to, Kosovo,Macedonia,  Florence, Corfu, Cairo, Pompeii/Naples, Torino, and then back to the states twice! It was quite an adventurous year, and I am so glad I have been able to share all these travels with every one of you! As the year is coming down I thought it would be fun to share a couple of my favorites from the past year.

Favorite Photo: It is not one of my bests necessarily, but I love this photo all the same, something about it just feels right. I have included it before but I thought I would share for this post.Image

Favorite Place I visited: It is a close tie between Torino and Cairo. I loved Cairo but I really wish I could have seen more in the daylight and had a bit more touristic freedom, rather than acting as a guest to a local. It was good for some things, but limited my desire to adventure at random. Torino I had full freedom and it was very enjoyable, however I was only there for a weekend so it might have been different had I stayed. These two are just so different it really is hard to compare!

Favorite Meal: I will have to say Kosovo for this one. We got dinner at Tiffany’s for 30 euros, which was split between three of us and included an amazing salad which had beets, 4 main course dishes which was shared among the table, as well as other side dishes and drinks. It was mainly veal, with very different sauces. Everything was so fresh and the restaurant had an open kitchen so you were able to see the food being prepared. The whole thing was incredibly filling and just so different from anything I have ever and before it was wonderful.

Favorite Drink: Bicerin in Torino of course! Nothing could compare, this is pure ecstasy in a glass, one of them and the day becomes 50 shades brighter. Don’t be the person who points out how many

espresso, then chocolate, then heavy frothed c...

espresso, then chocolate, then heavy frothed cream… (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

calories are in the chocolate and whipped cream… no one likes that person.

Best memory of the year: This actually has nothing to do with travelling, but it was coming home for my friend’s wedding, I was able to see all my friends from high school and have a fantastic weekend. That was absolutely the highlight of my year.

The Egyptian Collection in Torino

Some pieces of the Immortali exhibit

Some pieces of the Immortali exhibit

The painted dancer

The painted dancer

One of the Book of the Dead collection

One of the Book of the Dead collection

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One of the the first "mummies" from pre dynastic Egypt.

One of the the first “mummies” from pre dynastic Egypt.

Pieces from the pre-dynastic collection.

Pieces from the pre-dynastic collection.

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The Temple of Elleysia

The Temple of Elleysia

The Egyptian Museum of Torino is presently undergoing reconstruction, to make a larger exhibition space for their extensive collection. At the time to show as much of the collection as possible there is a special exhibition titled Immortali, as well as the stable collections of the pre dynastic artifacts, the tomb of Kha and the statue room. The Immortali exhibition will be on display from 2013 until the new museum space opening in 2015.

Upon arrival to the museum the entrance uses mirrors, and angled architecture to appear as if the visitor is inside a pyramid. There are signs as well as very kind ticket takers to direct visitors on the itineraries path. The new itinerary for the museum’s renovation begins with Immortali exhibit.This is located in the basement, the path then takes the visitor through the mummy storage space, where a few mummies are visible through windows, then upstairs to the Predynastic and Kha collections, and finally across the courtyard to the statue room and temple of Elleysia.

There are plenty of brochures in multiple languages for information on both the Immortali exhibit and the regular collections of the museum. However if any individual forgets to grab these at the entrance, information is everywhere throughout the museum, as well as more places to grab these brochures.

The first information sheet, being that for Immortali discusses the plans for the future museum and what its layout will be.The plan is for the museum to confirm the famous quote by JF Champollion “The road to Memphis and Thebes passe through Turin.”.

The aims of the Immortali exhibit are to share the artifacts of the cult of the afterlife. The ideas around the afterlife changed throughout periods in Ancient Egypt, this exhibit shows how it was respected and how it differed through the ages. THe exhibit presents artifacts and great pieces of art which take the visitor through a ” vast chronological path” which includes the New, Middle and Old Kingdom as well as the Ptolemaic and Roman periods.

Each piece was chosen to show uniqueness of style or material showing a high degree of knowledge and skill as well as ambition of the nobles to tell of their own greatness.

The exhibition most definitely meets its intended aims. It is set up with different display cases and statue center pieces in chronological order. Each case has a large written plaque with in depth but easily read and understandable information about what that particular case shows. For example one case may describe how religion changed during the Middle Kingdom, then how it can be seen through the use of different gods, in different displays.  Another is how funerary practices changed in Roman and Ptolemaic Egypt, with tombs and funerary items to show this.

Each artifact is included with a small card explaining what it depicts, when it came from, when and where it was found, and how it is unique or different from other items of this type.

Though the artifacts seen are similar to those found in most other Egyptian collections from museums around the world, with a few marvelous exceptions such as that of a painted dancer a weaving display, and books of the dead; the Museo Egizio  presents them in such a way that a visitor  even with prior knowledge still walks away with a load of new information. The museum is a much better source even than most books suitible for non academics.

This exhibit is so well presented with such short yet helpful information, provided in both Italian and English (with the possibility of a French guide) that everyone can walk away with a better understanding of Ancient Egypt.

Tours are offered in many languages, and though Immortali has no special events of displays for children the museum has a whole provides children’s events. The most crowd-pleasing being that of a Halloween event.

The Museum was founded in 1824 under Savoy King Carlo Felice, from the collection of Bernardino Drovetti, Napoleons French Consul to Egypt. This original collection housed 5268 items. When Ernesto Schiapperelli was head of the museum, another 25000 objects were added, either through excavation or through auction.  The exhibit of the Tomb of Kha was provided to the museum upon it’s excavation in 1906, it included another 504 items. The Temple of Ellesiya was rescued with the help of the museum from the rising waters of Lake Nasser in 1965. In 1966 Egypt gave the temple to the country of Italy who then put it in the care of the museum.

The Museo Egizio prides themselves on their massive collection ranging over 4000 years. As well as the fact the make this collection and the ancient civilization accessible to everyone. One of their main aims is to present the entire range of Ancient Egyptian history in a clear and interesting way to all.

The Egyptian Museum of Torino succesfully achieves and even goes further than its aims. The museum is fun for those of all ages and levels of Egyptology knowledge *even those with none!). It provides thoughtful information which is easily read and understood. Providing visitors with much on  Ancient Egyptian life throughout the dynasties.

The museum is open Tuesday-Sunday from 8:30am to 7:30pm. If you are in the area it is a must-see. The collection is fascinating and I can promise you will leave with a new interest in Egyptology and at least one artifact resonating with you.

If you are further away I do recommend a trip to Torino to visit not only this museum, but the many other attractions in the city. It might even be best to save a trip until 2015 when the newly renovated museum will be revealed.

 

How going to an international school has changed me

Suddenly, a whole lot more foreign issues, affect you personally. Where in the past, back home in the states, we would hear about protests, fights, issues in other countries. But they would simply be that just news, we would maybe say something along the lines of “oh how awful” and then going along with our daily lives. After attending school here, and meeting many people from all over the world including the Balkans, Turkey, Syria and Egypt, I have acquired a whole new level of concern. It is no longer simply news. When I hear about something going on I immediately go and try to contact those friends or acquaintances and make sure they are alright. Especially with the Egyptian situation, where I have a number of close friends, it was no longer some interesting current affair on the news, it was real, and I spent the day worrying hoping they would be alright and get home safely every night. Though of course they all were safe, it was still a much more real situation.  Every international news head line means so much more, and suddenly it’s more understandable, because rather than just the media view, I get to hear the view of the people, and see these issues in a whole new light.

This is great, because it shows I am learning a range of cultures and viewpoints. Though there are days I wish I didn’t have to know. I wish I had remained without this knowledge because it keeps me worrying, especially with the last few days.  However in the long run, and especially when deciding political opinions, I think this is someone everyone needs, to experience other countries politics through the people. It’s truly amazing what you will learn, because the official statements of the presidents or parliaments are not always exactly what everyone thinks.

What I have also noticed through meeting such a diverse group of people, and through traveling, is that though most online statistics, including Forbes, says America is the most patriotic country…I have not seen the evidence. Through my travels I have seen that America is nowhere near as patriotic, they are happy, and content with the way things are but not necessarily as proud. Every country I have visited flies many more flags and talk about their countries with much more pride than Americans do. I think a large reason for this is those who do feel strongly about their country, seem to be from ones who have recently or are continuing to suffer. In our living generations, the US has never experienced issues on home ground, other than one time terrorist attacks; there has never been ongoing war or suffering of the masses. These other countries, have overcome, or stayed strong through hard times, and that seems to make them a much prouder people. It’s hard to see ones country as its strongest, unless you’ve seen it at its weakest. As Americans I think what is important for us to realize how lucky we are, and to notice how well off we are in comparison to other countries. Be proud of your own country, but understand how amazing it is we live with a citizenship of so many freedoms and such a good level of living.

 

Visits in Cairo

Finally after two weeks I am back in Rome, missing Cairo already, but enjoying the calm traffic and cleanliness.

Cairo was quite an expierence, there was a lot to process and the city never stopped moving. I was unfortunately not able to go out to Alexandria, but visited the Pyramids, Memphis and Sakkara and Old Cairo.

Though I was very excited about the Pyramids, I will admit much like the Collosseum, unless you are super into the history, you can just drive around the outside of the grounds, see all three pyramids and the Sphinx without having to pay.

ImageMemphis and Sakkara are much cheaper and very interesting. Both are small areas, best to hire a driver because they are far out of the city. Memphis includes most artifacts, including a large statue, of Ramses II. Sakkara includes the step Pyramid, older than the Great Pyramid and inside some of the sanctuaries surrounding this pyramid is the priests original script on the walls.

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Apologies for the sideways photo, but WordPress will not allow me to rotate it!

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What was sad to see, is that most of the ancient cities were built over before they were known about, and now cannot be investigated, this is very unfortunate because it leaves a large gap in the knowledge of the ancient area of Cairo. There is some digging going on beside Memphis but it appeared as most had been stopped since Post-Revolution.

As far as Ancient Egypt, that was about all there was,along with the museum.  In Heliopolis, the neighborhood I was staying it, there was once a site of a large temple to Ra, all that remains is a single obelisk placed in the center of a large road.

The Museum is located beside Tahrir Square, right next to the old Parliament building, It is definitely worth a visit. There is so much to see, but the Museum is kept more like a storehouse than a museum, there is very little information on the artifacts. The only very exhibit like sections were that of King Tut’s funerary items and Mask (which was absolutely gorgeous), the jewelry, and a small room for Akhenaten, which included funerary items of his wives, and very large statues of him and his family.

There is also a small room for animal mummies which was very interesting, though the human royal mummies are in a separate exhibit. This Royal Mummies room cost more to enter than the museum itself (at least if you enter the museum with student discounts, as I did). Though of course mummies are always intriguing, this room was not that big a deal, just about 12 royals laid out.

Moving into the Middle Ages, there was much more to see, mainly in the area surrounding the Citadel, known as Old Cairo, this is also the area which includes “Coptic Cairo”. Here there is the market Khan el Khalili, the “Hanging Church”, The Citadel, and the church which Mary and Joseph stayed on their trip through Cairo. These are only a few places I personally visited, but there are many more churches and mosques.

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All these places were well worth the visit, and costed nothing but the drive there.  Prices at Khan el Khalili definitely depended on tourist vs local. Having an Egyptian with me I was able to get pretty decent prices for most presents I bought. They have fantastic glassware, clothing and spices.

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The Citadel was built by Salah al Din,  as protection from the Crusaders, the mosque inside the walls, which follows the same architecture as the Blue Mosque in Turkey, was built later under Muhammed Ali. Inside the walls of the fort was where the Mamluks  were slaughtered by the ruler Muhammed Ali, so that they would not rise to power above him. He is also buried within the Mosque.

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Ceiling within the Hanging Church

The Hanging or Suspended Church is built on top the foundations to a tower, so the foundation is lifted off the ground and is only covering a small section under the church. The decoration inside is very beautiful, with Coptic style paintings, ebony and ivory decorations and handmade stained glass windows.

Though the area has many churches, the rest of “Old Cairo” includes many small mosques, and is a dirtier, more chaotic section of Cairo. I loved seeing the very local cafes and small winding streets, however my boyfriend told me to put away the camera and stay close, so it is not the best place for tourists.

That’s it for visited places, later I will post another piece on the modern city and my experiences.